2014 Conflict Management project

Even after the introduction of the Water Law, it was estimated by the Vice-President of the Supreme Court of Appeals that 2500 people are killed yearly, due to water-related conflicts. Reason for the Netherlands embassy to initiate in close cooperation with the ministry of water, an analysis of this issue since it deals directly with the implementation of the rural water projects.

Conflict Studies Yemen - The Hague Institute of Global Justice 2014

The report stated: "These cases appear before the court, criminal law is applied rather than Water Law, given the serious implications. Hence, the water issue itself is not being addressed in court, but only the consequent criminal offense. It also means that many criminal cases in Yemen are water-related but not officially labeled as such. While international donors contribute to reducing the number of water conflicts, they can also be part of the problem, particularly when their intervention comes from the top down. To avoid undesirable side effects of donor activities, equitable distribution of water should be a component in relevant donor-funded projects in order to win the support of and benefit local stakeholders. Moreover, conditions could be attached to awards to ensure local authorities’ compliance with the laws and the involvement of judiciary and security authorities in law enforcement. Additionally, due to the general distrust in politicians in Yemen, more direct engagement by donors with local communities may be one way to achieve higher accountability and more effective use of the funds."

Source - Read more

The full report is given below and provides lots of information on the water law, etc.

The Hague Institute of Global Justice - conflict studies Yemen

The Political economy of Water Management in Yemen. - Collection NICC.